Gardening Texoma: Tetanus

TETANUS

• Make sure your immunization is current!!!
• Get re-vaccinated every 5 years if you are a gardener!
• Get vaccinated every ten years if you don’t play in the dirt.
• Clostridium tetani is a cousin to botulism and can kill with a scratch or a rose thorn prick!
• Any cuts or breaks in the skin can allow the toxin to enter.
• The Tetanus bacterium can live in soil for perhaps hundreds of years.
• Tetanus produces a venom 50 times as powerful as cobra venom.
Tetanus is a serious bacterial disease that affects your nervous system, leading to painful muscle contractions, particularly of your jaw and neck muscles. Tetanus can interfere with your ability to breathe and, ultimately, threaten your life. Tetanus is commonly known as "lockjaw."
Thanks the tetanus vaccine, cases of tetanus are rare in the United States and the developed world. The incidence of tetanus is much higher in less-developed countries. Around a million cases occur worldwide each year.
Tetanus can be treated, but not always effectively. Fatality is highest in individuals who haven't been immunized and in older adults with inadequate immunization — wherever they may live. In countries with low vaccine rates, infants also are at high risk of severe illness and death.

Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of tetanus may appear anytime from a few days to several weeks after tetanus bacteria enter your body through a wound. The average incubation period is seven to eight days.
Common signs and symptoms of tetanus, in order of appearance, are:
• Spasms and stiffness in your jaw muscles
• Stiffness of your neck muscles
• Difficulty swallowing
• Stiffness of your abdominal muscles
• Painful body spasms, lasting for several minutes, typically triggered by minor occurrences, such as a draft, loud noise, physical touch or light


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